The majority of this information is for Ubuntu, but if you are running something Red Hat based, such as CentOS, then at the bottom there is a nice command for you.
So I was asked a question the other day… “How do I install LAMP on my linux server?”. First, let me cover a few things about a LAMP server. LAMP is not a piece of software itself, it is a term used to describe a particular server configuration. It stands for Linux Apache MySQL PHP (get it… L-A-M-P). So you don’t install LAMP, you install the software I mentioned earlier (and a few extra pieces to tie them together) and you have what is called a LAMP server.
A LAMP server is pretty much your “cookie cutter” web server. It has PHP for server side web code processing, it has Apache for serving that content, and it has MySQL as a database for storing… uhm… data.
I am not going to cover how to install Linux, there is already some great documentation (like THIS ONE for Ubuntu 10.10 server edition, or if you are an LTS fan THIS ONE for Ubuntu 10.04 LTS).
Installing a LAMP server in Ubuntu is amazingly simple. There is even a TUI (Textual User Interface… think of it as command line graphics with nice colors and such) to make it so simple a caveman can do it. After you have your Ubuntu powered server up and running, log into it. Once logged in, run the following command:
This will bring up the tasksel TUI. Next use the up and down arrows to highlight the box next to ‘LAMP server’ and press the spacebar to select it. You should now have an *asterisk* next to it. Then press TAB to highlight the OK button and press enter. Your server will start cranking away turning itself into a full fledged LAMP server. If you don’t see the option for ‘LAMP server’ (which could be the case if this is a brand new installation) then try exiting tasksel, running an `apt-get update` and then going back into tasksel. It will ask you one question as it go’s…
Password for the MySQL root user: This is a prompt asking you what you would like your MySQL root user to have. This is not the same “root” as your root user account, but it serves a similar purpose. This will be the password used to log into the database with full administrative permissions, able to create and delete anything from any database. Definitely make this a strong password and do not share it with anyone that doesn’t absolutely need it. It will ask you for it twice to make sure that you don’t have any typo’s in it.
That’s it… your done… no really… that’s all there is to it… You can now host your own PHP website (perhaps even your own wordpress blog).
Do note that you can have a LAMP server running on any flavor of Linux, but since I am an Ubuntu administrator, and I prefer Ubuntu, I tend to give instructions for ubuntu. Red Hat based distributions have a similar function called groupinstall which you can use by running the command:
sudo yum groupinstall "Web Server"
And if you are on a BattleToads server the command would be: